A professor at the University of Colorado Boulder Leeds School of Business surveyed women from 2016 to 2018 and found that they experienced sexual harassment less often, but gender harassment more often.
Stefanie Johnson, an associate professor in the school, credits both of the results to the #MeToo movement, which is a movement against sexual assault and harassment that began in 2006 and was popularized through use of the hashtag on social media in 2017.
Gender harassment, or a show of hostility toward women, increased as a backlash to the #MeToo movement, Johnson theorizes.
Janine D’Anniballe, director of rape crisis center Moving to End Sexual Assault (MESA), said she has also seen backlash to the #MeToo movement. She agrees with Johnson and thinks it’s a reaction from men who feel threatened by the movement and shift in power.