Harassment can include “sexual harassment,” or unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature.

Harassment does not have to be of a sexual nature. It can also include offensive remarks about a person’s sex or gender. For example, it is illegal to harass a woman by making offensive comments about women in general.

Although the law doesn’t prohibit simple teasing, offhand comments, or isolated incidents that are not very serious, harassment is illegal when it is so frequent or severe that it creates a hostile or offensive work environment, or when it results in an adverse employment decision (such as the victim being fired or demoted).

The harasser can be the victim’s supervisor, a co-worker, or someone who is not an employee of the employer, such as a client or customer. It doesn’t matter who is doing it, because it is the victim’s right to decide if they feel harassed.

Many people defend harassment by saying that it was harmless, or just a form of flirting. Here are some basic guidelines to help differentiate between the two.


  • is welcome attention
  • goes both ways/is mutual
  • makes you feel flattered or attractive
  • makes you feel in control
  • makes you feel good about yourself
  • is legal

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Sexual Harassment

  • is not wanted
  • is one-sided
  • makes you feel put-down or ugly
  • makes you feel powerless
  • makes you feel bad or dirty
  • is a violation of a company’s or organization’s policy


Sexual harassment is unwanted sexual attention or conduct, and it is defined by the victim, just like sexual assault. It is insidious and widespread, but it is NOT inevitable. However, because these behaviors are so normalized, we need proactive education and training to create safe work environments built on respect and accountability.

MESA offers customized, affordable, and effective training using a socio-ecological model of prevention. We engage all levels of staff to address beliefs and behaviors at individual, interpersonal, and cultural levels.

Whether your company/organization needs to address current harassment issues or seeks to prevent problems from arising, a sexual harassment prevention training is a critical step building a safe, inclusive work environment free of harassment.

Customized workshops are available ranging from 1 to 8 hours. Contact [email protected] for details and pricing.